Cubism | Huddersfield Rebrand

As a group we decided on areas of interest to individually research before coming together and sharing. I was assigned to research Cubism. When talking to the owners at Cafe Society, they told us their fascination with the 1920’s and 1930’s and how they would have liked the Cafe to have been heavily influenced by Art Deco, however they could not afford it. One member within the team is researching into Art Deco already, and we thought it would be worth researching other art movements that were popular around the same era- therefore Cubism.

Invented around 1907 Paris by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque- Cubism was one of the first movements to quickly emerge in art. It evolved during a period of heroic and rapid innovation and was most popular from 1915. The movement has been described to have two stages: “Analytic” and “Synthetic”. Analytic simply means to analyse and fragment, whereas synthetic used mixed media such as newspapers and wood veneer, collaging to the surface of a canvas as signs for depicted objects. Cubists believed that traditions of western art became exhausted and decided to draw on expressive energy of art from other cultures, particularly African art.

Cubist paintings tended to ignore the traditions of perspective drawing and instead showed numerous views of one subject at the same time. The Cubist style was significantly developed by Fernand Leger and Juan Gris, but attracted a host of adherents both in Paris and abroad.  The innovative and expressive approach to Cubism led influence to other movements such as Expressionism and Dada. Many people confuse Dada with Cubism as the aesthesis are rather similar; however Dada is a separate movement that evolved after Cubism. The two movements overlap; Dada lasted from 1916-1924 whereas Cubism led until the late 1920’s and early 1930’s, which therefore explains the high Cubist influence.

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